Welcome to FLUFACTS - a visual resource for learning about the flu, vaccinations and spread of disease.

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This video is interactive. Click the icon when it appears to explore various topics discussed in the animation. The video will pause, and will resume playing once the interactive window is closed. (Note: We are currently working through some bugs, so the animation is best viewed on a desktop using Chrome or Safari. Apologies for any inconvenience!)

FLUFACTS was developed by Natalie Cormier as a Master's Research Project submitted in conformity with the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Biomedical Communications.

Offered through the Institute of Medical Science. Faculty of Medicine. University of Toronto in collaboration with Biomedical Communications. Department of Biology. University of Toronto.

To contact Natalie or view more of work, please visit her portfolio site at nataliecormier.com

Supervisory Committee

Nicholas Woolridge


Program Director and Associate Professor, Biomedical Communications

Department of Biology

University of Toronto Mississauga

Jodie Jenkinson


Assistant Professor, Biomedical Communications

Department of Biology

University of Toronto Mississauga

Tania H. Watts


Professor and Sanofi Chair in Human Immunology, Department of Immunology, University of Toronto

Director, Toronto Human Immunology Network

Bryna Warshawsky


Public Health Physician, Public Health Ontario

Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University


Funding for this project was generously provided by the Biomedical Communications Program and the Department of Immunology at the University of Toronto, and the Vesalius Trust.

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UT Immunology
Vesalius Trust



Flu Prevalence in Winter

Types of Influenza

Anatomy of an Influenza Virus

Flu Vaccines

If you would like to learn more about seasonal influenza in addition to the information provided through this project, we encourage you to explore the following resources:

For information on where to get the flu shot in your home province or territory, please visit the following links:

All content in FLUFACTS has been reviewed and approved by experts in the fields of Immunology, Public Health Education and Biomedical Communications.

Additionally, the following references were also used throughout the development of the project:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Misconceptions about Seasonal Flu and Flu Vaccines. May 1, 2014. http://ww- w.cdc.gov/flu/about/qa/misconceptions.htm (accessed May 2014).

Clark, Ruth Colvin, and Richard E. Mayer. Applying the Multimedia Principle: Use Words and Graphics Rather Than Words Alone. Vol. 4, in e-Learning and the Science of Instruction, 68-89. Pfeiffer, 2011..

Clemow, Lynn. "Health Belief Model." In Encyclopedia of Epidemiology, edited by Sarah Boslaugh, 464-466. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc., 2008..

Curtis, Nigel, and Andrew Pollard. "Physicians' perceptions of pandemic influenza." Disease in Childhood 92, no. 10 (May 2007): 938. doi:10.1136/adc.2007.120469..

Fotheringham, Michael J., David Owies, Eva Leslie, and Neville Owen. "Interactive Health Communication in Preventative Medicine." American Journal of Preventative Medicine 19, no. 2 (2000): 113-120. doi:10.1016/S0749- 3797(00)00188-4. "Influenza animation - flu virus mechanism." YouTube video, 4:12, posted by David Hager, December 27, 2011. https://www.you- tube.com/watch?v=YSgkoldBNkI (accessed May 2014).

Larson, Heidi J., Louis Z. Cooper, Juhani Eskola, Samuel L. Katz, and Scott Ratzan. "Addressing the vaccine confidence gap." The Lancet 378, no. 9790 (August 2011): 526-535.

O'Day, Danton H. "The Value of Animations in Biology Teaching: A Study of Long- Term Memory Retention." Cell Biology Education - Life Sciences Education 6 (2007): 217-223.

Plass, Jan L., Bruce D. Homer, and Elizabeth O. Hayward. "Design factors for educationally effective animations and simulations." Journal of Computing in Higher Education 21, no. 1 (April 2009): 31-61. DOI 10.1007/s12528-009-9011- x.

Raude, Jocelyn, and Michael Setbon. "Lay Perceptions of the Pandemic Influenza Threat." European Journal of Epidemiology 24, no. 7 (2009): 339-342.

Sweller, John. "Element Interactivity and Intrinsic, Extraneous, and Germane Cognitive Load." Educational Psychology Review 22 (April 2010): 123-138. DOI 10.1007/s10648-010-9128-5.13

Thatcher, Jack D. "Computer Animation and Improved Student Comprehension of Basic Science Concepts." The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 106, no. 1 (January 2006): 9-14.

Please direct any inquiries about this project to Natalie Cormier via the contact page on her website.